Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It involves pain and inflammation of a thick band of tissue, called the plantar fascia, that runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes.
Plantar fasciitis commonly causes stabbing pain that usually occurs with your very first steps in the morning. Once your foot limbers up, the pain of plantar fasciitis normally decreases, but it may return after long periods of standing or after getting up from a seated position.
Plantar fasciitis is particularly common in runners, older adults and people who wear shoes with inadequate support. Biomechanical abnormality of the hip, knee and ankle are often key contributors to this condition. Excessive muscle tension in the legs can put further stress on the feet, preventing them from functioning optimally.
Education about good biomechanics and foot wear is vital to prevent further stress to this area. A large emphasis is placed on specific mobility and stability training to help restore good human movement patterns. Ice can then be applied to the affected area to reduce the inflammation followed by massage therapy to the sole of the foot to help restore proper function.