Sciatica - Clinic25
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Sciatica

Sciatica is a painful syndrome, which is caused by compression or irritation of a nerve deep in the buttock and down the leg, called the sciatic nerve.

The symptoms of sciatica may include one or more of the following:

  • Pain in the buttock or down the leg
  • Numbness, muscular weakness, pins and needles or tingling
  • Difficulty in moving or controlling the leg

Sciatica is most commonly felt in one leg at a time, and can range from a dull ache to an incapacitating pain. People with sciatica may find that they have their symptoms all the time, or the symptoms may come and go depending on certain things such as the time of day or different activities that the person has been undertaking.

What is the cause?

The pain associated with sciatica can be caused by a number of underlying conditions. These may include:

  • A herniated (bulging) disc in the lower back
  • Bony growths on the spine
  • Arthritis in the lower back or hip
  • Tight muscles in the buttock
  • Trauma to the lower back

Sciatica may also be present during pregnancy due to the altered mechanics of the pelvis and lower back as the baby grows and develops.

How do we treat it?

Education on core stability, correct breathing techniques and how we move, sit and lift objects are key components of this treatment.  If we can reduce the stress put on the lower back and sciatic nerve then the symptoms are often reduced dramatically.  Gentle mobilisation techniques are used to gain movement in areas of restriction, and massage therapy is then used to calm down muscle tension.   

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